Glossary

Tech Terms | Abbreviations A–Z

W


W3C   WAP   Web Browser   Web Server   Web Page   Website   Webspace   WLAN   WiFi


W3C

(abbr., “WWW” = “W3”): The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web. Founded in 1994 and currently led by Tim Berners-Lee, the consortium is made up of member organizations that maintain full-time staff working together in the development of standards for the World Wide Web. As of 21 October 2019, W3C had 443 members. W3C also engages in education and outreach, develops software and serves as an open forum for discussion about the Web.

This article is based on the article World_Wide_Web_Consortium from the free encyclopedia Wikipedia and is licensed under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported (short version). A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.

WAP

(Abbr.:) Wireless Application Protocol: Network protocol for wireless portable computer applications.
The predecessors of the smartphones (feature phones) thus had a slimmed-down Internet. Because the data connection was very slow and this service very expensive, it was also said that the abbreviation WAP stood for “Wait And Pay”.

Web Browser

A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web. When a user requests a web page from a particular website, the web browser retrieves the necessary content from a web server and then displays the page on the user's device.

A web browser is not the same thing as a search engine, though the two are often confused. For a user, a search engine is just a website that stores searchable data about other websites. However, to connect to a website's server and display its web pages, a user must have a web browser installed.

Web browsers are used on a range of devices, including desktops, laptops, tablets, and smartphones. In 2019, an estimated 4.3 billion people used a browser. The most used browser is Google Chrome, with a 64% global market share on all devices, followed by Safari with 18%.

This article is based on the article Web_browser from the free encyclopedia Wikipedia and is licensed under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported (short version). A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.

Web Server

A web server is computer software and underlying hardware that accepts requests via HTTP (the network protocol created to distribute web content) or its secure variant HTTPS. A user agent, commonly a web browser or web crawler, initiates communication by making a request for a web page or other resource using HTTP, and the server responds with the content of that resource or an error message. A web server can also accept and store resources sent from the user agent if configured to do so.

The hardware used to run a web server can vary according to the volume of requests that it needs to handle. At the low end of the range are embedded systems, such as a router that runs a small web server as its configuration interface. A high-traffic Internet website might handle requests with hundreds of servers that run on racks of high-speed computers.

A resource sent from a web server can be a pre-existing file (static content) available to the web server, or it can be generated at the time of the request (dynamic content) by another program that communicates with the server software. The former usually can be served faster and can be more easily cached for repeated requests, while the latter supports a broader range of applications.

Technologies such as REST and SOAP, which use HTTP as a basis for general computer-to-computer communication, as well as support for WebDAV extensions, have extended the application of web servers well beyond their original purpose of serving human-readable pages.

This article is based on the article Web_server from the free encyclopedia Wikipedia and is licensed under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported (short version). A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.

Web Page

One page of a website. A website can consist of hundreds or thousands of web pages. Its start page is called “home page” or “homepage”.

Website

Made up of “web” as in net and “site” as in construction site. Since there is always something to be done on a website, it is more or less a permanent construction site, but you should never see that! “Under Construction” notices are unprofessional and drive visitors away! That's bad for business! – Then it is better to create only one page as a web business card, this is even modern and requires little effort. A web page with a notice about maintenance work is a good compromise if it is limited in time and perhaps even announced in advance during off-peak hours (evenings/weekends).
To get a clean web presence that impresses your customers, let professionals help you.

Webspace

Made up of “web” as in network and “space” as in place or room. This is what internet service providers call the rented storage space for their customers' websites. These websites run on a web server.

WLAN

(Abbr.:) Wireless Local Area Network (longer abbr.: Wireless LAN).
See also: WiFi.

WiFi

(Abbr.:) Wireless Fidelity. A transmission standard by IEEE 802.11.

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